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  • Ana C. DiRago, Ph.D.

Embracing Authenticity: Navigating Social Camouflage in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Updated: Apr 25

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) shapes the way individuals communicate and interact with the world. Among the many facets of autism is a phenomenon known as "masking" or "social camouflage." This is when individuals with autism adapt their behaviors to more closely align with societal expectations. In this post, I will explore the nuances of masking, understand its reasons, and discuss how embracing one's authentic self can lead to a more fulfilling life.

Exploring the Layers of Masking

Masking is a bit like speaking a second language in a foreign country; it's a way to communicate and connect using the social cues and norms that are more familiar to others. This might involve adjusting body language, modulating expressions, or engaging in social scripts that don't come naturally. It's a skill that many individuals with autism develop in order to navigate the social world more effectively.

Why Masking Happens

The reasons for masking are as individual as the people who use this strategy. Some of the motivations might include:

  • Seeking Connection: Just like anyone else, individuals with autism often long for social bonds and friendships. Masking can be a bridge to these connections.

  • Navigating Social Landscapes: To avoid feeling left out or facing misunderstandings, some may use masking as a way to smoothly sail through social interactions.

  • Professional Adaptation: In the workplace, masking can be a tool for meeting job expectations and collaborating with colleagues.

  • Finding Comfort in Structure: Sometimes, social situations can feel chaotic. Masking can provide a sense of structure in these moments.

The Ripple Effects of Masking

While masking can be a useful adaptive strategy, it's important to recognize that it can also have significant effects:

  • Mental Health Considerations: Masking can be tiring and may contribute to feelings of anxiety or a sense of being overwhelmed.

  • Recognition and Diagnosis: Particularly in women and girls, masking can sometimes mean that the signs of autism are less visible, which can lead to a delay in getting a diagnosis and support.

  • The Risk of Burnout: Like any prolonged effort, masking can lead to a kind of social fatigue, making it hard to maintain the same level of energy and engagement.

  • Staying True to Oneself: Over time, individuals who frequently mask might feel a disconnect from their genuine selves, which can be unsettling.

Cultivating Spaces for Authenticity

We can all play a part in creating environments where everyone feels comfortable being themselves. Here are some ways to support this:

  • Celebrate Neurodiversity: Fostering an appreciation for the diverse ways in which people experience and interact with the world can make a big difference in reducing the perceived need to mask.

  • Design Inclusive Spaces: Simple adjustments to our surroundings can make them more welcoming for individuals with autism, such as offering quiet areas or flexible communication options.

  • Value Individuality: Encouraging people to share their unique viewpoints and talents enriches everyone's experience.

Understanding masking in autism is a step toward a society where everyone can feel valued for who they are. If you or a loved one is navigating the complexities of masking, know that there are resources and professionals who can offer guidance and support.

Related Resources


  • "Spectrum Women: Walking to the Beat of Autism" by Barb Cook and Dr. Michelle Garnett: This book includes personal stories and professional guidance from autistic women who discuss the concept of masking and its impact.

  • "Unmasking Autism: Discovering the New Faces of Neurodiversity" by Devon Price: This book challenges common narratives about autism and explores the experiences of those who have masked their autism for much of their lives.


  • The Asperger/Autism Network (AANE): AANE offers resources, support groups, and workshops for individuals with autism, their families, and professionals.

  • Autism Research Institute (ARI): ARI provides webinars, articles, and resources that cover a wide range of topics related to autism, including social strategies and coping mechanisms.

Support Groups and Forums

  • Wrong Planet: An online community for individuals with autism, ADHD, and other neurological differences, where members can discuss their experiences, including masking.

  • Autistic Self Advocacy Network (ASAN): ASAN provides a platform for advocacy and support, and it can be a resource for connecting with others who understand the experience of masking.

Contact Dr. DiRago to learn more about evaluating "high-masking" adults on the spectrum.

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