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  • Ana C. DiRago, Ph.D.

Helping Teens Reduce Their Computer Use: A Guide for Parents


teen using technology

As part of their child's assessment, a lot of parents bring up concerns about the amount of time their child spends on the computer. In today's digital age, computers and other electronic devices have become integral parts of our daily lives. For teenagers, these devices are not only tools for education but also gateways to social interaction, entertainment, and exploration. However, excessive computer use can lead to various physical, mental, and emotional issues. As parents, it is crucial to guide our teens towards a balanced lifestyle that includes healthy computer use.


The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that teenagers limit their screen time to two hours per day, excluding homework.


Understanding the Impact of Excessive Computer Use


Before diving into strategies, it’s important to understand why reducing computer use is beneficial:


  • Physical Health: Prolonged computer use can lead to eye strain, poor posture, and repetitive strain injuries.

  • Mental Health: Excessive screen time is linked to anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbances.

  • Social Skills: Over-reliance on digital communication can hinder the development of face-to-face social skills.

  • Academic Performance: Distractions from non-educational content can negatively impact academic performance.

Strategies to Help Teens Reduce Computer Use


Set Clear Boundaries and Rules

Establishing clear guidelines around computer use is essential. Here are some tips:


  • Create a Schedule: Designate specific times for homework, leisure, and family activities. Ensure that computer use for non-educational purposes is limited.

  • Implement Screen-Free Zones: Make certain areas of the house, such as the dining room and bedrooms, screen-free zones to encourage family interaction and better sleep hygiene.

  • Use Parental Controls: Utilize software to set time limits and monitor usage. This can help enforce the rules you’ve set.


Lead by Example

Children often emulate their parents' behavior. Demonstrate balanced screen use by:


  • Limiting Your Own Screen Time: Show that you value time away from screens by engaging in other activities.

  • Family Activities: Plan regular family activities that do not involve screens, such as board games, hiking, or cooking together.


Educate About the Risks

Help your teen understand the potential negative effects of excessive computer use:


  • Discuss Health Impacts: Talk about the physical and mental health risks associated with too much screen time.

  • Promote Digital Literacy: Teach your teen about responsible and mindful use of technology, including the importance of taking breaks and maintaining good posture.


Encourage Alternative Activities

Promote activities that do not involve screens to help your teen find balance. The best way to replace an undesirable behavior is to replace it with a desirable one. It's not enough to simply say, "spend less time on your computer." Here are some suggestions:


  • Physical Activities: Encourage sports, outdoor play, or family walks.

  • Hobbies and Interests: Support your teen in exploring hobbies such as reading, drawing, playing a musical instrument, or cooking.

  • Social Interaction: Facilitate opportunities for your teen to spend time with friends and family in person.


Monitor and Adjust

Regularly review and adjust your approach based on what works best for your family. Have regular discussions with your teen about their screen time and any difficulties they may be experiencing.


Consult with a Therapist

If you have ongoing concerns about your child's computer use, it can be beneficial to discuss these with their therapist. A therapist can provide personalized strategies and support tailored to your child's specific needs. Sometimes, excessive computer use can be a symptom of underlying issues such as anxiety, depression, or social difficulties. A therapist can help address these root causes.


Recognizing the Positive Aspects of Computer Use


While it’s important to manage screen time, it’s also essential to recognize that not all computer use is detrimental. In fact, certain types of computer use can be beneficial:


  • Educational Content: Many online resources and educational games can enhance learning and make studying more engaging.

  • Skill Development: Some video games can improve cognitive skills such as problem-solving, strategic thinking, and hand-eye coordination.

  • Social Interaction: Cooperative games and online platforms can provide opportunities for teens to socialize with their friends, fostering teamwork and communication skills.


adolescent computer use


Websites That Review Video Games for Parents


To make informed decisions about the video games your teen plays, consider using the following websites that provide reviews and ratings specifically for parents:


  • Common Sense Media: This site offers detailed reviews and ratings of video games, movies, TV shows, and apps, focusing on age-appropriateness and educational value. Common Sense Media

  • Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB): The ESRB provides age and content ratings for video games and apps, helping parents understand the nature of the content. ESRB

  • Parent Previews: This site offers reviews and ratings of movies and video games, focusing on content that parents need to be aware of. Parent Previews

  • Family Video Game Database: This resource provides detailed information on video games, including age ratings, content warnings, and educational benefits. Family Video Game Database


Helping your teen reduce their computer use is a multifaceted approach that involves setting boundaries, encouraging alternative activities, leading by example, educating about risks, creating a supportive environment, and being flexible. Additionally, consulting with a therapist can provide valuable insights and support. By taking these steps, you can help your teen develop a balanced relationship with technology. Remember, the goal is not to eliminate computer use entirely but to ensure it is part of a balanced lifestyle.


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